What is Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking IS Modern Day Slavery

There are more slaves in the world today than at any other time in history. Human Trafficking deprives a person of their freedom through the use of force, fraud or coercion in exchange for a commercial sex act or forced labor and includes the commercial sexual exploitation of minors. Traffickers will exploit any vulnerable person, regardless of age,(including very young children), race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status or national origin. Human trafficking doesn’t take movement, that’s smuggling and often occurs in plain sight. Human Trafficking is the fastest growing criminal activity in the world, so learn the signs and report suspicious activity by contacting us here or call the 24/7 National Human Trafficking Resource Center at 1-888-3737-888.

For more information, go to:

Human Trafficking Fact Sheet:
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-human-trafficking
Spanish version: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/trata-de-personas-hoja-informativa

Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet:
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-sex-trafficking-english
Spanish version: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-sex-trafficking-spanish

Labor Trafficking Fact Sheet:
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-labor-trafficking-english
Spanish version: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-labor-trafficking-spanish

Child Trafficking Fact Sheet:
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/orr/resource/fact-sheet-child-victims-of-human-trafficking

Red Flag Indicators: http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/bc-inf-ht101-blue-campaign-human-trafficking-101.pdf

Federal Human Trafficking Acts

Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 is the cornerstone of Federal human trafficking legislation, and established several methods of prosecuting traffickers, preventing human trafficking, and protecting victims and survivors of trafficking. The act establishes human trafficking and related offenses as federal crimes, and attaches severe penalties to them. It also mandates restitution be paid to victims of human trafficking. It further works to prevent trafficking by establishing the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is required to publish a Trafficking In Persons (TIP) report each year. The TIP report describes and ranks the efforts of countries to combat human trafficking. The act also established the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking, which assists in the implementation of the TVPA. The TVPA protects victims and survivors of human trafficking by establishing the T visa, which allows victims of human trafficking, and their families to become temporary U.S. residents and eligible to become permanent residents after three years.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003

The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 (TVPRA of 2003) established a federal, civil right of action for trafficking victims to sue their traffickers. It also added human trafficking to the list of crimes that can be charged under the Racketeering Influenced Corrupt Organizations (RICO) statute. It also included additional provisions for protection of victims and their families from deportation, and a requirement that the Attorney General report to Congress annually on the activities of the U.S. government in the fight against trafficking.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005

The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (TVPRA of 2005) included a pilot program for sheltering minors who are survivors of human trafficking, and grant programs to assist state and local law enforcement combat trafficking. It also expanded measures to combat trafficking internationally, including provisions to fight sex tourism, a $5 million pilot program for treatment of trafficking victims abroad, and a strengthening of the regulation over government contracts to ensure they are not made with individuals or organizations that promote or engage in human trafficking.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008

The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA of 2008) included several new prevention strategies, including requirements that the government provide information about workers’ rights to all people applying for work and education-based visas. It also put in place new systems to gather and report human trafficking data. In addition to the prevention strategies, the 2008 reauthorization expanded the protections available with the T visa, and required that all unaccompanied alien children be screened as potential victims of human trafficking. This reauthorization also enhanced criminal sanctions against traffickers, and expanded definitions of various types of trafficking to make prosecution easier.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2013

The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2013 (TVPRA 2013), which was passed as an amendment to the Violence Against Women Act, establishes and strengthens programs to ensure that U.S. citizens do not purchase products made by victims of human trafficking, and to prevent child marriage. It also puts into place emergency response provisions within the State Department to respond quickly to disaster areas and crises where people are particularly susceptible to being trafficked. The reauthorization also strengthens collaboration with state and local law enforcement to ease charging and prosecuting traffickers.